About Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy is the general term for a number of neurological conditions that affect movement and co-ordination.
Neurological conditions are caused by problems in the brain and nervous system.
Specifically, cerebral palsy is caused by a problem in the parts of the brain responsible for controlling muscles. The condition can occur if the brain develops abnormally or is damaged before, during or shortly after birth.
Causes of cerebral palsy include:
- an infection caught by the mother during pregnancy
- a difficult or premature birth
- bleeding in the baby’s brain
- changes (mutations) in the genes that affect the brain's development
It is estimated that 1 in 400 people in the UK is affected by cerebral palsy.